What is The Breast Cancer ?

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Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women. Breast cancer is seen in one out of every 10 women in 20 out of every 100 thousand women. Breast cancer is very rare in men compared to women. However, when the disease develops, its course is faster and worse than breast cancer in women. 1 in 100 breast cancers is seen in males. Although the cause of breast cancer is not known exactly, many factors such as heredity, diet, socio-economic status, menstruation, births, birth control pills can be mentioned.

The incidence of breast cancer increases with age. The risk of breast cancer, which is mostly seen in the 50-70 age group, increases when there is a history of breast cancer in the family. When the mother or brother has breast cancer, the risk of the disease increases by 3 times. Therefore, in the family history, people with breast cancer should have their controls frequently, especially with the age of 40 years. People with BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, ie mutations, have a high risk of contracting both breast and ovarian cancer. Using hormone medication for more than 5 years in the menopause process is also one of the factors that increase the risk of breast cancer.

What are the symptoms of breast cancer?
Knowing the symptoms of breast cancer is very important to catch breast cancer at an early stage and to ensure the success of the treatment. Among the symptoms of breast cancer, the most prominent is the palpable mass. The mass can also be under the armpit. If the mass is enlarged, pulling the nipple inwards is also one of the symptoms of breast cancer. Although it is very rare, bloody or bloodless discharge from the nipple may also indicate breast cancer. If the tumor that causes breast cancer grows, edema occurs in the breast skin and swelling may occur. At the same time, redness and orange appearance are among the symptoms of breast cancer. If breast cancer is spread, complaints about the area of ​​spread can be seen.

Recognizing breast cancer symptoms is very important to prevent breast cancer from progressing. Therefore, one needs to know their breast structure and know the risk factors. In order to recognize the symptoms of breast cancer, every woman should begin to have her own breast examination after the age of 20 years. Self breast examination 5-7 days after the end of menstruation; women who do not have menstrual period should be seen once a month.

Breast cancer symptoms can be listed as follows;

Generally painless, rigid, built on the breast
Breast; usually painless, rigid structure, moveable or dislocated, can grow over time and character in the structure of the swell.
Visibly visible, breast size or shape.
Redness of the breast skin, bruising, wound, vascular enlargement, inward depression, common small bumps, orange peel appearance, such as point shrinkage.
In and around the nipple, change in color and shape, enlargement at the nipple, flattening, inward slump, change of direction, crusting, cracks and wounds.
Bloody or bloodless discharge from the nipple.
Painful or painless swellings that can be seen under the arm, noticeable by hand.
Having a risk factor doesn’t mean you’re gonna get that disease.

Breast Cancer Risk Factors
Breast cancer risk factors are the most important risk factors that we cannot change. Especially breast cancer in the family history is one of the risk factors for breast cancer. Breast cancer seen before 50 years of age in a first degree relative increases the likelihood of a person getting breast cancer 3 times. Breast cancer is also an important risk factor for breast cancer. In addition, the more people in the family caught up with breast cancer and the earlier they are caught, the more risk is increased.

Breast cancer is another important risk factor in breast cancer. Breast cancer risk is higher in people with less fat in breast tissue. The density of the breast tissue can be measured by mammography and sonographic methods. Radiation therapy is among the risk factors for breast cancer. Therefore, it is recommended that patients who receive radiotherapy treatment, especially lymphoma patients, should have lifelong controls frequently after treatment.


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